Studia Theologica, 2015 (roč. 17), číslo 4

Biblical studies

Význam Bible a svědomí u Jana Husa

The Significance of the Bible and Conscience in John Huss

Tomáš Butta

Studia Theologica 2015, 17(4):301-309 | 10.5507/sth.2015.057

The works by Jan Hus contain a balanced proportion of the Holy Scripture in terms of tradition and intellect. The Scriptures contains God's Law or Christ's Law which is love. Hus deals with conscience in his Latin and Czech treatises and refers to it in his dispute. When Hus appeals to his conscience, he does so in connection with a certain norm which is Christ's Law.

Biblical studies, Other Christian Denominations

Teologie stvoření v druhé knize Husova Komentáře Sentencí

The Theology of Creation in the Second Book of the Hus' Commentary on Sentences

Eduard Krumpolc

Studia Theologica 2015, 17(4):139-152 | 10.5507/sth.2015.046

The paper deals with the Jan Hus' theological Commentary on Sentences by Peter Lombardus concerning the theology of creation, i.e. the creation of visible world, animals and humans before original sin. It is demonstrated that the content of this commentary does not deviate from the standard Catholic theology of that time and follows the theologically relevant questions, while leaving aside those merely speculative ones. The work of creation is conceived as a result of the action of the entire Trinity, i.e. the Father acting through his Word (the Son) in the Holy Spirit.

Book-Review

Recenze

Reviews

Ctirad Václav Pospíšil

Studia Theologica 2015, 17(4):325-336

Christian Theology and Religion

Služebníci slova v čase znamení konce

Servants of the Word at the Time of Signs of the End

Vít Hlinka

Studia Theologica 2015, 17(4):37-58 | 10.5507/sth.2015.039

The paper analyses apocalyptic eschatological manifestations in the writings of Jan Milíč of Kroměříž, Matthew of Janow, and Jan Hus with regard to their emphasis on the role of preachers and persons working toward renewal at a time full of the activity of the Antichrist before the end of the world. As concerns Milíč and Janow, it also focuses on their elaboration of the medieval exegetic concept of preachers "in spiritu Enoch et Helie", and as concerns Hus, it follows the line of preceding authors and analyses his concept of preaching as such and resistance to ecclesiastical authority.

Práce husovské komise do r. 2000

Work of the Jan Hus Committee up until 2000

Pavel Černuška

Studia Theologica 2015, 17(4):125-138 | 10.5507/sth.2015.045

The article describes the work of the Committee for the study of the life, persona- lity and work of Jan Hus established at the Czech Bishop Conference in the years 1993-2000. The article puts the activity of the Committee into a historical context commencing with Cardinal Beran's participation in the discussion of religious freedom at the 2nd Vatican council (20 September 1965). The final parts of the article summarise the impact which the Committee has had so far and provide ground for contemplation and inspiration. The author's sources are, apart from literature, his personal participation in the work of the Committee, records of the meetings, personal...

Eastern Orthodoxy, Other Christian Denominations

Hus v myšlení a tradici pravoslavné církve

Hus in the Thinking and Tradition of the Orthodox Church

Jiří Jakub Jukl

Studia Theologica 2015, 17(4):259-271 | 10.5507/sth.2015.054

The interpretation of Master Jan Hus has gone through significant changes in the Orthodox environment over the last 600 years. He was viewed as one of the initiators of the world's Reformation movement in the 16th and 17th centuries. He was strictly condemned for this reason during this period in the writings of Russian Orthodox authors (as well as Luther, Calvin and Zwingli). The first radical change to this opinion occurred in the 19th century. Hus is portrayed in the writings of Slavophile authors as completely or almost entirely Orthodox. This understanding was resumed in renewed Czech Orthodox Church. It even resulted in a request for the canonization...

History of Communism, Other Christian Denominations

M. Jan Hus v ideologii Komunistické strany Československa ve světle díla Zdeňka Nejedlého a archivních dokumentů

Master Jan Hus in the Ideology of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia in the Light of Work by Zdeněk Nejedlý and Archival Documents

Martin Weis

Studia Theologica 2015, 17(4):113-123 | 10.5507/sth.2015.044

Churches were perceived as an ideological enemy under the reign of Communism and therefore the Establishment tried to systematically liquidate them. One of the forms of the anti-religious struggle was the abuse of historical church figures by Communist ideology. In this study, the author tries to highlight the ideological character of the abuse of Jan Hus, who was deliberately portrayed as a social revolutionary and rebel against the old order, even at the cost of distorting historical facts. This abuse is documented particularly using the works of the Communist minister Zdeněk Nejedlý Hus and Our Time and Communists - the Heirs of the Great Traditions...

Other Christian Denominations

Miloslav Kaňák jako církevní historik, husitolog a znalec života i díla anglického reformátora Jana Viklefa

Miloslav Kaňák as Church Historian, Husitologian and Expert on the Life and Works of the English Reformer John Wycliffe

Bohdan Kaňák

Studia Theologica 2015, 17(4):101-112 | 10.5507/sth.2015.043

Miloslav Kaňák (1917-1985) was a Professor at the Jan Hus Czechoslovak Theological Faculty of Prague. M. Kaňák was appointed head of the department of history there in 1950 and worked there until 1981. He pursued his interest in five areas: general history, the period of the National Revival in Bohemia, the Modernist movement of Czech Catholic clergymen, the beginnings of the contemporary Czechoslovak Independent Hussite Church as well as the history of the Medieval Hussite period with special attention to its roots. The paper also pays deeper attention not only to the circumstances of the origin, but also the content of Kanak's monograph on the English...

Mistr Jan Hus v životě a reflexi Církve československé husitské

Master Jan Hus in the Life and Reflection of the Czechoslovak Hussite Church

Jiří Vogel

Studia Theologica 2015, 17(4):311-323 | 10.5507/sth.2015.058

The paper attempts to present the role of Jan Hus and of the Hussite movement in the Czechoslovak Church (CSC), known as the Czechoslovak Hussite Church (CSHC) as of 1971. It notes that after the creation of CSC in 1920 a rather romantic reminiscence of Jan Hus prevailed in the church nourished by Masaryk's ideal of humanity, which gave rise to a broad symbolic, liturgical, artistic and partly ideological formation. It describes the disintegration of identity in the CSC in the totalitarian crises of the Czechoslovak state in the period of Nazism and Communism, and how CSC helped overcome these crises by symbols and ideas of the Hussite tradition, and...

Theology and Religion

Jan Hus v proměnách šesti století

Jan Hus over the Changing Six Centuries

Petr Čornej

Studia Theologica 2015, 17(4):19-35 | 10.5507/sth.2015.038

According to the Hussite approach, and also according to the approach of the Reformation streams, the death of Jan Hus represented a turning point in history, a return to the binding road to salvation. This is demonstrated in the Hussite chronicles, and also the depictions of Jan Hus as a witness to the first day and a Saint comparable to the early Christian martyrs. Although the Catholic environment viewed Jan Hus and the Hussites as heretics doomed to eternal torment in the flames of Hell, the preacher of Bethlehem Chapel was considered both a savvy and dangerous opponent. These two basic and extremely different approaches continued into the last...

Štěpán z Dolan

Stephen of Dolany

Štěpán Kohout

Studia Theologica 2015, 17(4):59-74 | 10.5507/sth.2015.040

This article is focused on the life and work of Stephen of Dolany (cca 1350 - 27 July 1421). He was of lower origin descended from a noble German family called Schramm the knights of Melice (a vanished castle near Vyškov). His ancestors were vassals of the Bishops of Olomouc. He studied at Prague University (Bachelor of Liberal Arts 1372). After completing his studies, he began to work in the royal chancery. He entered the Carthusian order around 1380 and was made prior of the newly founded charterhouse in Dolany near Olomouc in 1388. He led the monastery up until his death continuously. Despite his addiction to Church reform ideas ("devotio moderna"),...

Banda lupičů a žhářů

A Gang of Thieves and Arsonists

Zdeněk Bezecný

Studia Theologica 2015, 17(4):75-84 | 10.5507/sth.2015.041

A debate occurred on the location of a plaque with the name Jan Hus on the building of the Czech museum at the Czech Landtag in Prague in November 1889. Prince Charles of Schwarzenberg spoke at the meeting and referred to the Hussites as "a troop of robbers and arsonists". The debate and its response in the press present a political struggle between liberals and Catholics within Czech society in the end of the 19th century. The personality of Jan Hus as an instrument of political argumentation in this struggle.

Vybrané otázky z christologie a soteriologie třetí knihy Komentáře Sentencí M. Jana Husa

Selected Issues in Christology and Soteriology of the Third Book of the Master Jan Hus's Commentary on Sentences

Ctirad Václav Pospíšil

Studia Theologica 2015, 17(4):153-165 | 10.5507/sth.2015.047

The author provides evidence in the paper that Hus' christology and soteriology do not depart from the boundaries of Catholic orthodoxy. Although Hus' theology was time-conditioned, the author finds compelling questions therein (in contrast to modern commentators). Hus worked on the third book in the first semester of the academic year 1408/1409, which was a time involving a dramatic turn in his fate. Hus' christology and soteriology is shaped in Anselm's manner. It contains thought-provoking statements about Christ's predestination, about his natural mortality, about the reverence of Christ's humanity and about the worship of images. Hus' theology...

Mistr Jan Hus a matka Páně

Master Jan Hus and the Mother of the Lord

František Urban

Studia Theologica 2015, 17(4):167-183 | 10.5507/sth.2015.048

The goal of this paper is to introduce the Marian motives in the work of Master Jan Hus. The author analyses certain sermons with Marian motifs and other texts that contain some Mariological thoughts of Master Jan Hus. The conclusion of this paper attempts to evaluate the figure of Master Jan Hus as an accommodated theologian of the 15th century who made use of so-called scattered Mariology.

Kardinální ctnosti v Husově Komentáři Sentencí

Cardinal Virtues in Jan Hus' Commentary on the Sentences

Tomáš Machula

Studia Theologica 2015, 17(4):185-194 | 10.5507/sth.2015.049

The theoretical base of Hus' ethical thinking can be found in his Commentary on the Sentences. The paper is focused on moral virtues which rank among the important topics in Hus' ethics. His texts on virtues are not particularly innovative. A number of Jan Hus' thoughts of close to Aquinas, although in terms of the origin of virtues Hus is much closer to Augustinian thinking than to Aquinas' Aristotelianism. His approach to virtues is similar to that of Bonaventure in this point.

Ctnost naděje v Husově Komentáři Sentencí Petra Lombardského

The Virtue of Hope in Hus' Commentary on the Sentences of Peter Lombard

Dominik Opatrný

Studia Theologica 2015, 17(4):195-205 | 10.5507/sth.2015.050

Jan Hus treated the theological virtue of hope in his commentary to the 3rd book of the Sentences of Peter Lombard (distinction 26). The text provokes Hus to ask three questions: Is the definition of hope by Peter Lombard correct? Is hope a virtue? Is it possible to have hope without love? In my paper, I analyse Hus' answers to these questions including their sources. Jan Hus is mostly in agreement with the great scholastic theologians and when he criticizes Tomas Aquinas, he can support his position by means of the authority of St. Augustine.

Právní stránka Husova procesu

Canonical Aspects of the Jan Hus' Trial

Damián Němec

Studia Theologica 2015, 17(4):207-219 | 10.5507/sth.2015.051

The contribution deals with the canonical aspects of the Jan Hus' trial (or more likely of the trials). It is based on a short description of trial procedures on the level of the Archdiocese of Prague up until 1410, on the level of the Papal court from 1410 to 1414 and on the Council of Constance in 1414 and 1415. It targets frequent violations of the canonical procedural norms committed by all concerned parties with the only exception being the council of Constance. It is directed at the principal questions connected with the procedural norms as well as with the personage of Jan Hus and his adversaries, to what degree they can be inspirational for...

"Nikdy jsem nejel v shrnuté kapuci, ale zřejmě, s tváří odkrytou"

"I've never ridden in a hood pulled down, but apparently, with my face uncovered"

Jan Samohýl

Studia Theologica 2015, 17(4):221-237 | 10.5507/sth.2015.052

This article aims to examine the ideological and social character of Hus' letters. The literary form of his letters itself is unique and particularly interesting. In his letters Hus shows both diplomatic experience and friendly participation. Three questions are asked in the text: what are the main topics of his letters, if there is a firmness in his views during his incarceration in Constance, and also if it is possible to find a theological or ideological continuity with his previous more systematic texts. The letters demonstrate, in addition to other topics, Hus' openness and friendly participation in particular. The continuity of his letters is...

Hus, klerikalismus a katolictví: kontroverze z r. 1946

Hus, Clericalism and Catholicism: The Controversy of 1946

Vojtěch Novotný

Studia Theologica 2015, 17(4):239-257 | 10.5507/sth.2015.053

The article introduces a controversy in which Czech Catholics disputed concerning the right approach towards Jan Hus (1370/72-1415) and, by extension, towards those who were inspired by him in their religious, ethical, national, social or political attitudes. The paper studies the process of the dispute, in which the main protagonists were Alexander Heidler (1916-1980) and Adolf Kajpr SJ (1902-1959), who published in the periodical Katolík and Timotheus Vodička (1910-1967) and Silvestr M. Braito OP (1898-1962), who published in the review Na hlubinu. The article consequently focuses on the subject matter of the controversy on two levels: the historico-legal...

Husovo místo v klasickém evangelickém bohosloví

Hus' Place in Classic Evangelical Theology

Martin Wernisch

Studia Theologica 2015, 17(4):273-284 | 10.5507/sth.2015.055

The article presents the preliminary results of research on references to Jan Hus in 27 Protestant handbooks of doctrine from the 16th and 17th centuries. The image of the Prague reformer provided by these writings without special historiographical interest is remarkably vivid. Although many of the motifs repeat often and sound like clichés at first glance, a closer look demonstrates that they have been painstakingly adjusted into continuing new connections. Illustrative material has been collected portraying Hus as a judicial victim. The subsequent exposition demonstrates that Hus often came into play as an active player. He partially appears as a...

Hus v tradici české starokatolické církve

Hus in the Tradition of the Old Catholic Church

Květoslav Tomáš Krejčí

Studia Theologica 2015, 17(4):285-299 | 10.5507/sth.2015.056

The article explores the relationship between the Old Catholic Church in Bohemia and the personality and legacy of Jan Hus. The origins of the Old Catholic movement were predominantly an initiative of the German speaking population. Jan Hus was therefore a powerful symbol of national identity for those Czechs who were attracted to Old Catholic ideas. The first Old Catholic service in Czech was held in Switzerland on the occasion of the anniversary of the martyrdom of Jan Hus. The Old Catholic community of Prague was founded shortly thereafter, alongside an Old Catholic society called "Hus". A number of original and translated publications emerged from...

Theology and Religion, School education, History of Education

Jan Hus a české národní školy v letech 1867-1918*

Jan Hus and Czech National Schools in 1867-1918

Miroslav Novotný

Studia Theologica 2015, 17(4):85-99 | 10.5507/sth.2015.042

History textbooks of Czech general and municipal schools, as well as teachers' institutes serve to document how the figure of Jan Hus was interpreted in the Czech educational system from the 1860s up to the declaration of an independent Czechoslovakia. The initially brief and value-neutral statements on Hus (a critic of Church sins whose death sparked the subsequent Hussite rebellion), were later expanded with information on his life, his work at the university and details about the Council in Constance. Jan Hus was later presented in textbooks as an innovator of the Czech language and a great patriot, while emphasis was placed on his exemplary and...