Studia Theologica, 2014 (roč. 16), číslo 3

Christian Theology and Religion

Ženy v Tomášovom evanjeliu

Women in the Gospel of Thomas

Július Pavelčík

Studia Theologica 2014, 16(3):1-18 | 10.5507/sth.2014.026

This study is a systematic presentation of the concept of women in the Coptic Gospel of Thomas. In the first part it follows the term "woman" as it is used in the GThom. The second part is focused on two female persons explicitly named in the GThom, i. e. Mary and Salome, and the third part explores what concept of motherhood can be found in the GThom. The basic feature of woman in the GThom is her fundamental connection with earthly man's existence, which in the GThom is seen negatively. She can also be a disciple of Jesus (as Salome), but her salvation depends on the overcoming of her womanhood.

Trojice a pokoj mezi lidmi

The Trinity and the Unity of Humanity

Ctirad Václav Pospíšil

Studia Theologica 2014, 16(3):19-47 | 10.5507/sth.2014.027

The article reacts to a document by the International Theological Commission on Trinitarian monotheism and its opposition to violence. The author points out numerous imperfections in methodology and facts within the document. The article criticizes the imperfections and consequently attempts to supply deficiencies. The core of the article is an analysis of the notion that three divine persons subsist in one divine nature. The author demonstrates certain serious problems which are hidden within this notion, while presenting W. Kasper's and M. Bordoni's critical approach to P. Schoonenberg's views from the 1960s and 1970s. The article contains in summary...

Ježíšovi učedníci na cestě k pokoji mezi národy

Jesus' Disciples on the Road Towards Peace Among Nations On the ITC's Document About Religious Violence

Dominik Opatrný

Studia Theologica 2014, 16(3):48-54 | 10.5507/sth.2014.028

The article deals with the newest document of the International Theological Commission "God the Trinity and the Unity of Humanity. Christian Monotheism and its Opposition to Violence". Concretely, its use of the Bible is analyzed. The document focuses, on the one hand, on the most important biblical message: God initially offers salvation to Israel, and consequently to the whole of humankind; he overcomes the law of revenge through the cross of Jesus Christ and does so without compromising truth and justice. It discusses, on the other hand. the violence in the Old Testament too superficially and completely neglects all controversial pericopes of the...

Teologie nových náboženských hnutí v díle Johna A. Saliby

John A. Saliba's Theology of New Religious Movements

Jaroslav Franc

Studia Theologica 2014, 16(3):55-71 | 10.5507/sth.2014.029

The paper deals with the phenomenon of new religious movements from the perspective of the theology of John Albert Saliba, SJ. The paper presents in a short survey the main theses of the author and his pastoral recommendations. Saliba's interpretation of New religious movements as "signs of the times" (Gaudium et spes 4) is considered as an inspiration for the Christian Churches in the Czech Republic.

Jednota a poslání: podněty k reflexi o vztahu mezi ekumenismem a misijním působením církve

Unity and Mission: Impulses for Reflection on the Relationship between Ecumenism and the Mission Activity of the Church

Robert Svatoň

Studia Theologica 2014, 16(3):72-86 | 10.5507/sth.2014.030

In the apostolic exhortation Evangelii gaudium, Pope Francis expressed his conviction concerning the profound link between the ecumenical efforts and the mission activity of the Church. This impulse, which remains fully in continuity with the magistery of the Catholic Church and with the initial incentives of the modern ecumenical movement as well, is deserving of special reflection. A missionary imperative brings us into the focus of all kinds of struggles to become closer to the disciples of Christ, which is the high priestly prayer of Jesus (cf. John 17:21). The article pays attention to the inner connection between the missionary and ecumenical...

Vývoj misijných modelov: od etnocentrizmu k pluralite

The Development of Missionary Models: From Ethnocentrism towards Plurality

Ladislav Bučko

Studia Theologica 2014, 16(3):87-110 | 10.5507/sth.2014.031

The accomodational model of Jesuit missionaries, which was historically overcome, was the forerunner for the contextual/incultural model in today's missionary practice. There are indications that a shift in the missionary model from the contextual/incultural one to the global/pluralistic one is needed. The question arises as to which features the new model would have? This paper deals with the development of missionary models from an ethnocentric to a contextual model. It also attempts to propose a set of characteristic features for an emerging missionary model for today's globalized world.

François Noël, S.J. (1651-1729): Byli starověcí Číňané ateisté?

François Noël, S.J. (1651-1729): Were the Ancient Chinese Atheists?

Daniel D. Novotný

Studia Theologica 2014, 16(3):111-132 | 10.5507/sth.2014.032

The first deeper exchange between Western and Far Eastern religious and philosophical thought was due to the Jesuits. They arrived in China in the 16th century and began the impressive work of translation and dialogue. The Belgian Jesuit François Noël made an important contribution to this dialogue with his Philosophia sinica (1711). What is this book about? Apparently, its main purpose was to provide a systematic and comprehensive overview of the Chinese Confucian tradition, past and contemporary, although it can also to be read as the last major contribution to the rites controversy. In this paper I deal with the first part of the first treatise...

Problematika jmenování a postavení biskupů německé národnosti v českých diecézích pohledem Svatého stolce

The Issue of the Appointment and Position of German Origin Bishops in Czech Dioceses at the Time of the First Republic from the View of the Holy See

Jitka Jonová

Studia Theologica 2014, 16(3):133-147 | 10.5507/sth.2014.033

An the time of the Habsburg Monarchy, the government in Vienna had a preference for candidates of German nationality for the Archbishop's sees. The situation changed significantly after the year 1918. It was acknowledged by the Holy See that believers of German origin had become a minority in Czech dioceses. They were not an insignificant minority, however, and consequently the Holy See continued to appoint German bishops as well. There was a German suffragan bishop in Prague, and a residential bishop of German nationality in the Diocese of Litomerice. In both cases, acceptance on the part of Czech believers (and government) was an important aspect...

Pokus o marxistickou infiltraci bohosloveckých fakult v Československu. Se zvláštním zřetelem na "Katedru společenských věd" bohoslovecké fakulty v Bratislavě

An Attempt to Permeate Faculties of Theology with Marxist Ideology in Czechoslovakia

Jozef Halko

Studia Theologica 2014, 16(3):148-172 | 10.5507/sth.2014.034

The Communists seized power in Czechoslovakia in 1948. They attempted to permeate through their ideology all spheres of social life, including the area of education. So- called "Departments of Social Sciences" were consequently established at all universities in Czechoslovakia: with theological faculties being no exception. At the Faculty of Theology in Bratislava, the teachers of Marxism were aware that it made no sense to spread atheist propaganda among the clergy and consequently worked at persuading the clergy to pledge loyalty to the regime and control their reactions. All the teachers of Marxism were Communist party members. A number of them...

Bernhard Häring na II. vatikánském koncilu - jeho význam a vliv

Bernhard Häring at the Second Vatican Council - his Significance and Influence

Jan Czudek

Studia Theologica 2014, 16(3):173-191 | 10.5507/sth.2014.035

The article seeks to describe the role and impact of B. Häring on Vatican II. The beginning focuses on the phase before the Council, when Häring published his first systematic work Das Gesetz Christi (The Law of Christ), in which he offered an overview of moral theology. In his work he attempted to renew this discipline by detaching it from Canon Law and directing it towards other disciplines, such as Spiritual Theology, Sacramental Theology and Pastoral Theology. Some examples of his different approach to moral theology include the areas of theological anthropology - particularly regarding questions of conscience. The article goes on to describe the...

Má neplodný pár přirozené právo na dítě?

Do Infertile Couples Have a Natural Right to a Child?

Vojtěch Šimek

Studia Theologica 2014, 16(3):192-213 | 10.5507/sth.2014.036

The paper provides a differentiated answer to the question: Do infertile couples have a natural right to a child? The point of departure is Hans Jonas's text entitled Rights, the Law and Ethics: How do they react to the offer of the latest reproduction techniques? published in 1986 and two key documents of the Teaching Authority of the Catholic Church: Donum vitae published in 1987 and Dignitas personae published in 2008. The newest Czech and German bioethical resources as well as, for example, the relevant Czech legal norm (statute no. 373/2011 Sb.) are also taken into account and integrated. From the point of view of natural law and in the context...

Recenze

Reviews

Ctirad Václav Pospíšil

Studia Theologica 2014, 16(3):214-223