Studia Theologica 2014, 16(2):1-14 | DOI: 10.5507/sth.2014.013
In this paper I deal with the fourth, fifth and sixth verses of Ecclesiastes chapter 4, whose unclear connection has led to a variety of different interpretations. I initially show how some of the existing interpretations and translations illustrate a possible range of exegesis. I consequently analyse single words or collocations and, if necessary, track the probable development of the meaning of the mentioned word in the biblical texts. In conclusion, I also examine the context. By these means, I seek out a convincing exposition of these biblical verses.
Studia Theologica 2014, 16(2):15-37 | DOI: 10.5507/sth.2014.014
The article concerns the aspect of poetic imagination in the works of selected 17th century metaphysical poets and examines the way these poets were influenced by the Anglican liturgy in the Book of Common Prayer. It analyses the concept of Anglican spirituality and its theological specifics based on the Order of the Morning Prayer in the Book of Common Prayer. There is consequently a description of poetic imagination of Anglican Spirituality and the relationship between poetics and spirituality. The article briefly describes the concept of the so-called metaphysical poets. The works of three selected authors are examined to identify the poetic expressions...
Studia Theologica 2014, 16(2):38-50 | DOI: 10.5507/sth.2014.015
In this article I first outline the general issues and the legal foundation of the Interdiocesan church courts which were founded in the 20th century as a legal instrument for the accessible exercise of the judicial power of the Church. I then deal with issues related to the activities of such courts in the Czech Republic. Both courts were created due to the lack of competent judges available to fulfil the staffing needs of first instance courts in each diocese, as canon law dictates. The Interdiocesan church tribunal Prague was founded in 1982 with its activity lasting until 2009 when the newly established diocesan courts in Hradec Králové, Plzeň...
Studia Theologica 2014, 16(2):51-62 | DOI: 10.5507/sth.2014.016
The author of the article does not introduce only the content of the commented text, but aims at grasping the unifying notion of the first encyclical of Pope Francis Lumen fidei. According to the author, it is a dialogical personalism, consistent and with prophetic boldness, which is the philosophical ground for the formulation of the Trinitarian concept of faith which means the living participation of the baptized in the relationship of the sonship within the Godhead in the strength of the Holy Spirit. Such a concept of faith is nonideological, having a huge liberating force which subsequently diffuses outside the church as well and to the entire creation.
Studia Theologica 2014, 16(2):63 | DOI: 10.5507/sth.2014.017
Studia Theologica 2014, 16(2):64-69 | DOI: 10.5507/sth.2014.018
The images of the divine Sun in ancient cultures are the context of Old Testament expressions concerning the sun. The translator of the Hebrew text into Greek must have also been influenced by the culture that surrounded him. The translator provided his Greek-speaking Jewish contemporaries with a monotheist tuned paraphrase of the Hebrew text in Psalm 18:5c. His idea of the sun as an appropriate allegorical representation of God is based on linguistic and thematic default assumptions of the Hebrew text.
Studia Theologica 2014, 16(2):70-81 | DOI: 10.5507/sth.2014.019
The aim of this paper is to present ancient commentaries on Psalm 18 (LXX), with a special focus on verse 5c, in the works of Christian authors up to Origen. The paper initially draws attention to relevant passages in the works of the Apostolic Fathers as well as to the christological understanding of Psalm 18 in the work of Justin the Martyr. The main part consequently follows which is dedicated to the commentary of Psalm 18 in Eclogae Propheticae 51-63 written by Clement of Alexandria. This text in which Clement refers to Hermogenes and Pantainos, two less known figures of Early Christianity, represents the first systematic commentary on Psalm 18....
Studia Theologica 2014, 16(2):82-90 | DOI: 10.5507/sth.2014.020
The article introduces and compares two different commentaries on Psalm 18:5c LXX found in the writings of Eusebius of Caesarea Eclogae propheticae and Commentaria in Psalmos. The commentary in Eclogae is based on the Greek translation of Ps 18 in the Septuagint and is Christological. Verse Ps 18:5c LXX is expounded as a metaphor of the unity of the Godhead and the human body in the Son. The explanation in Commentaria uses nonSeptuagint Greek translations, it adopts a more literal reading according to which verses Ps 18:5c-7 LXX convey the sun´s dutiful service in the sky to its Creator and Lord. The commentary in Eclogae displays an in all probability...
Studia Theologica 2014, 16(2):91-102 | DOI: 10.5507/sth.2014.021
The biblical narrative about Moses' call to become Israel's liberator, his coming to Egypt and liberating Israel from Egypt by passing through the Red Sea is a version of a well-known narrative motif about the Liberator Hero. Traditional church exegesis interprets this story as a prefiguration of Jesus´ coming to the world and delivering humanity from the rule of sin. In his interpretation, Gregory of Nyssa takes over the fundamental idea of the tradition - the liberation theme, but stresses the activity of the one called to freedom. For him, the story about Israel's liberation from Egypt is a narrative about the human struggle for one's own spiritual...
Studia Theologica 2014, 16(2):103-118 | DOI: 10.5507/sth.2014.022
This paper provides a survey of New Testament pericopes quoting or influenced by a Greek or by a Hebrew version of Isa 6:9-10. It then attempts to expose how Jerome in his commentary works with New Testament verses and other biblical parallels while he struggles to understand the difficult Hebrew text of Isa 6:9-10.
Studia Theologica 2014, 16(2):119-129 | DOI: 10.5507/sth.2014.023
In his Commentaries, Ambrosiaster repeatedly states that it is impossible for a man to avoid sins. This article examines the five quaestiones of Ambrosiaster where this statement is specified as a result of the author's differentiation of sins. Quaestio 102 Against the Novatians reveals a comprehension for the "fragility of the human race" and defends the possibility of penance and remission of sins after baptism. In the three quaestiones on Psalms 1, 23 and 50 (q. 110-112), the author separates impietas as a more serious but avoidable sin, from a more general category of peccatum which is unavoidable, and defines the corresponding punishments. When...
Studia Theologica 2014, 16(2):130-144 | DOI: 10.5507/sth.2014.024
The paper presents Augustine's exegesis of curses and imprecations in the Psalms, as present in his Enarrationes in Psalmos. Firstly, the early stage of his interpretation of curses as prophecy is exhibited. Secondly, a major broadening of Augustine's hermeneutics is shown, due to his acquaintance with Tyconius's exegetical rules. Thirdly, a study of exemplary verses demonstrates that all seven of Tyconius's rules are present in Augustine's interpretation of the Psalms. This attests that Augustine's allegorical exegesis of the cursing psalms is not arbitrary, but remains faithful to the Bishop's approach to the interpretation of other difficult biblical...
Studia Theologica 2014, 16(2):145-160