Studia Theologica 2013, 15(4):1-13 | 10.5507/sth.2013.043
The purpose of the paper "The Words of Simeon in Luke 2:35a" is to, on the one hand, present an overview of various interpretations of the text Luke 2:35a which have been proposed from the earliest times up to the present with brief evaluations concerning them, and to, on the other hand, provide our own analysis of the text. In order to reach a proper understanding of the enigmatic words of Simeon concerning the personal fate of Mary, the mother of Jesus, in Luke 2:35a, the micro-context (immediate context) which forms the prophetic pronouncement of Simeon about Jesus (Luke 2:34b-c.35b) and the macro-context (wider context) which constitutes the entire...
Studia Theologica 2013, 15(4):14-34 | 10.5507/sth.2013.044
The paper deals with Aquinas' concept of the human person. It focuses specifically on three writings: the Commentary of Sentences, Disputed questions on power and the Summa theologiae. Aquinas' writings on the person are extremely wide, although they particularly focus on questions of theology (Trinity, christology, angelic persons). The philosophical principles of the personalistic approaches to the human being as relational and dialogical are only outlined, but are not fully developed. Particular attention is paid to the question of the personality of the separated soul.
Studia Theologica 2013, 15(4):35-46 | 10.5507/sth.2013.045
Research into the era of the Communist rise to power in this country after World War II ranks among the most significant topics of the history of the 20th century. It is a proven fact that Communists considered the Catholic Church their important ideological enemy. In the process of taking over and consolidating power, an inseparable part of which was also denouncing their enemies, the struggle to take over control of institutions belonging under the administration of the Catholic Church played a significant role. One of the means of attracting certain Catholics to their side in the ideological struggle involved efforts at influencing them by means...
Studia Theologica 2013, 15(4):47-67 | 10.5507/sth.2013.046
The first document of the Second Vatican Council was the Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy, with 50 years having elapsed since its promulgation (on the 4th December 1963). The study reflects on issues of developments in the field of liturgy over this time period and reacts to certain contemporary trends. After a survey of the history of the liturgical movement, the course of the reform of the Mass liturgy after the Council of Trent and that after the Second Vatican Council are compared in a historical excursus. The polarity between the divine and human side of liturgy is consequently dealt with and the connected tension between continuity and discontinuity...
Studia Theologica 2013, 15(4):68-86 | 10.5507/sth.2013.047
The article studies the concept of marriage according to Summa on Marriage by Raymond of Penyafort of the first half of the thirteen century. It analyzes and comments on the definition of marriage, biblical institution of marriage, reasons for the institution of marriage, the role of consent, the effects and the goods of marriage and the form of a lawful or clandestine marriage. It concludes that canon law on marriage in this Summa promoted monogamous marriage which is contracted by free consent of a man and a woman and aims at establishing a family.
Studia Theologica 2013, 15(4):87-102 | 10.5507/sth.2013.048
This article deals with issues related to the activities of the ecclesiastical court in Olomouc in the canonic¬-legal, historical, religious¬-political context over the years 1917-1948. The Ecclesiastical Court is the institution through which the diocesan bishop (in this case, the Archbishop of Olomouc) habitually carries out his judicial power. Judicial power is this part of the power of governance in the Church by which the rights of physical or juridic persons are vindicated, juridic facts are declared and the penalty for delicts are imposed or declared. The judicial power, which judges judicial trials, must therefore be exercised in the...
Studia Theologica 2013, 15(4):103-121 | 10.5507/sth.2013.049
In his Address to the Roman Rota of 2013, almost precisely on the 30th anniversary of the promulgation of the canon law of the Catholic Church, Pope Benedict XVI firmly presented a speech concerning "an irrevocable covenant between a man and a woman", inspired by the celebration of the Year of Faith and a peculiar commentary to the De matrimonio chapter of Canon 1055. The author of the hereby article follows the track of Benedict XVI. Within the notion of "covenant" he not only identifies the key to the contemporary doctrine of marriage, but also points out the role of the keystone in the "program" consolidation of two aspects of matrimonium canonicum:...
Studia Theologica 2013, 15(4):122-124 | 10.5507/sth.2013.050
Studia Theologica 2013, 15(4):125-133 | 10.5507/sth.2013.051
On the basis of the document Theology Today issued by the International Theological Commission (ITC), as well as the document Gaudium et spes of the Second Vatican Council, the paper deals with the task of theological faculties to educate specialists for a dialogue between theology and other sciences. It analyses how Sts Cyril and Methodius Theological Faculty of Palacký University in Olomouc had been coming to terms with this role over the last fifteen years and how it would be suitable to develop these activities in the future.
Studia Theologica 2013, 15(4):134-143 | 10.5507/sth.2013.052
In the beginning of his paper, the author presents the basic contributions of the document Theology Today (published by the ITC) to the method of systematic theology. The most important contribution is twofold: a clear distinction between the Apostolic tradition and other traditions and a clarification of the object of interest of theology. The author comes to the conclusion that the proper object of theological interest is man's relation to God the Father and God the Father's relation to people. The author subsequently comments on article 84 of Theology Today, in which inspirations from theology for other sciences are discussed. Theology primarily...
Studia Theologica 2013, 15(4):144-148 | 10.5507/sth.2013.053
The article compares what the Church means by Tradition, with "traditional" faith, values and life style. The author suggests that although in several cases there is a major difference between them, traditional values and faith can be for many people the way to discover the vitality of Tradition. The main attribute of Tradition is not to be unchangeable - as the Church is in a maturing process in its views and practices on a number of issues (e.g. the question if someone who commits suicide should receive a Christian funeral, etc.) but to be interpreted as being vital at all times.
Studia Theologica 2013, 15(4):149-159 | 10.5507/sth.2013.054
The paper deals with the phenomenon of new religious movements, sects and cults from the perspective of the Catholic Church and the theology of Catholic tradition. The paper presents published documents from various Roman Catholic secretariats and councils from 1986 up until 2012. It also pays attention to selected figures of Catholic theological tradition interested in the world of new religious movements. The document of the International theological commission entitled Theology Today: Perspectives, Principles and Criteria (2011) was an impulse for reflection on sects and new religious movements. The emergence of new religions in the 20th century...
Studia Theologica 2013, 15(4):160-168 | 10.5507/sth.2013.055
In the footsteps of the Second Vatican Council's doctrine the last document of the International Theological Commission deals with sensus fidei as an important methodological aspect of Catholic theology. The article aims to present the current state of discussion concerning the sense of the faith without entering into specific details. In the first part three wrong views of the category are criticized. It should be apparent that no correct understanding of the sense of faith in the Catholic Church can have the role of religious public opinion in competition with the teaching of the Magisterium. In the second part, attention is turned to the relationship...
Studia Theologica 2013, 15(4):169-179 | 10.5507/sth.2013.056
The document of the International theological commission Theology today: Perspectives, Principles and Criteria in art. 21 speaks of "the truth of the gospel" (citing Gal 2:5) as to what theology is concerned with. The study investigates the significance of the phrase "the truth of the gospel" in the apostle Paul (occurring in his seven undisputed letters only in Gal 2:5 and 2:14) and in the document Theology today. Although the contexts are extremely different, both perspectives on this phrase are undoubtedly converging. Moreover, the understanding of "the truth of the gospel" by the apostle Paul can be an inspiration and encouragement for theology today.
Studia Theologica 2013, 15(4):180-188 | 10.5507/sth.2013.057
The aim of the article is to present the document Theology Today: Perspectives, Principles and Criteria by the International Theological commission from the point of view of biblical scholarship. It firstly shortly introduces the three biblical scholars involved in the preparation of the document and makes certain general remarks about its connection to exegesis. It consequently discusses closely the Biblical basis of the twelfth criterion proposed: theology as wisdom and as science. Finally, it connects certain conclusions to the contemporary situation of theology in the pluralistic world.
Studia Theologica 2013, 15(4):189-199 | 10.5507/sth.2013.058
The article analyses certain statements about Mary which appear in the Catechism of Trent and the Catechism of the Catholic Church published after the Second Vatican Council. Firstly, the historical situation which influenced the rise of these documents is sketched. An analysis of Marian motifs report two chapters which reveal basic views on the person of Mary of Nazareth and on the importance that she had in the Catholic Church in the 16th as well as in the 20th century. In the first Catechism, Mary is presented as the Virgin and mother of God, and the aspect of her spiritual motherhood is mentioned. The Catechism of the Catholic Church adds the mysteries...
Studia Theologica 2013, 15(4):200-213 | 10.5507/sth.2013.059
During the high Middle Ages, in the context of discussions concerning the union between the Western and Eastern Churches, at the Second Council of Lyon and at the Council of Florence, the Catholic doctrine of Purgatory was defined. At the beginning of the modern ages, faith in postmortem purification was first contested by Protestant theologians and it was also condemned because it was impossible to consolidate it with Luther's christological thesis of justification. In the sessions of the Council of Trent dealing with the demands for reform of the Church and with many doctrinal questions, the Council's father had to face questions respecting Purgatory...
Studia Theologica 2013, 15(4):214-216