Studia Theologica, 2013 (roč. 15), číslo 2

Christian Theology and Religion

Česká katolická teologie v období 1850-1930 a astronomie, kosmogonie a kosmologie

Czech Catholic Theology 1850-1930 and Astronomy, Cosmogony and Cosmology

Ctirad Václav Pospíšil

Studia Theologica 2013, 15(2):1-31 | 10.5507/sth.2013.013

The aim of this study is to evaluate how Czech Catholic theology approached the contribution of the sciences in 1850-1930, particularly new discoveries and theories in astronomy. This is demonstrated with a wide scale of papers and books by Czech Catholic theologians indicating there was actually no tension between scientists and theologians and that the first chapters of Genesis were by no means read in a Fundamentalist manner. The competence of astronomy was fully respected. If any polemic emerged, it took place on the axis of the "Christian world view" - "materialistic and atheist interpretation of the world".

Josef Lukl Hromádka: v komunismu se projevuje nezadržitelně dynamická síla živé křesťanské tradice

J. L. Hromádka: The Inevitably Dynamic Power of Christian Tradition Manifests Itself in Communism

Vojtěch Novotný

Studia Theologica 2013, 15(2):31-44 | 10.5507/sth.2013.014

The study provides insight into the attitudes of Czech Christians towards Marxism in the period of the so-called pre-totalitarian regime over the years 1945 to 1948. It introduces two of the most significant forms of ideological discussions between Czech Christians and Marxism and Communism of those times which are represented by the Catholic Josef Zvěřina and the Protestant Josef Lukl Hromádka. It demonstrates that both of these authors were open to the project of social equity, collective collaboration and more equitable distribution of capital. They were of the opinion that everything which was right in Communism was merely a development of that...

K antropologickému projektu v teologii E. Schillebeeckxe. Člověk jako homo historicus

On The Anthropological Project in the Theology of E. Schillebeeckx: Human As Homo Historicus

Lucie Kolářová

Studia Theologica 2013, 15(2):45-64 | 10.5507/sth.2013.015

Through an analysis of the human experience structure in Schillebeeckx' theology, this article examines the anthropological conditions of the potential religiosity of humankind. The methodical validity of the approach: comprehending the image of humanity used in Schillebeeckx' theology presupposes a formal division of epistemic levels in its attitude towards humankind. The differentiation between the "first", "pre-religious" basic level in theological language usage clarifies the given theological intention better. The validity of the content: in his theology Schillebeeckx works with the principle of the autonomy of the world and of humankind. As he...

Filosofická teologie žije

Natural Theology Is Alive

Vlastimil Vohánka

Studia Theologica 2013, 15(2):65-88 | 10.5507/sth.2013.016

This paper challenges the belief that natural theology suffers from a crisis. It highlights the boom of the Anglo-American philosophy of religion (I), the involved boom of theism (II), and the seminal works of Alvin Plantinga (III). Certain prominent features in the resulting natural theology are discussed: the focus on systematic problems; the analytical style; the belief that reality is discovered rather than construed; the interpretation of religious statements as truth claims with objective truth-values; and the belief that sound arguments for answers to certain existential and moral questions can be provided (IV). Finally, issues of natural theology...

Nový přístup k islámu a jeho Prorokovi u křesťanských orientalistů W. M. Watta a K. Cragga

A New Approach to Islam and its Prophet by Christian Orientalists W. M. Watt and K. Cragg

Vít Machálek

Studia Theologica 2013, 15(2):89-101 | 10.5507/sth.2013.017

There was a shift in Christian attitudes towards Islam from confrontation and mission to dialogue in the second half of important contributions to this shift. Watt analysed "the distorted image of Islam", which arose in the medieval West, and confronted it with the historical facts, presented in his monographs on the life of Muhammad. Cragg also dealt with the character of the Prophet and carried out a search for points of contact between Islam and Christianity. Watt and Cragg tried to write in a way acceptable for both Christian and Muslim readers. They regarded Muhammad as a prophet, though not in the Islamic sense of that term. While Watt was attracted...

Východiska a důsledky adventistické evangelizace "hlavního proudu"

The Foundations and Consequences of "Mainstream" Adventist Evangelization

Bedřich Jetelina

Studia Theologica 2013, 15(2):102-120 | 10.5507/sth.2013.018

The article deals with the question of how the contemporary postmodernist world view relates to the "mainstream" of Adventist theology - i.e. a movement which directly follows the modernist world view of the founders of the Seventh-Day Adventist Church. It critically analyses the deconstruction of evangelical theology in the works of the Adventist philosopher Fernando Canale. This deconstruction aims at redefining the macro-hermeneutic approach of Adventist theology on the basis of God's temporality. Finally, the article demonstrates the impact of this understanding on Adventist orthopraxy.

Ježíšovy výroky proti rozvodu jako podnět pro současnou diskusi v katolické církvi

The Divorce Sayings of Jesus as an Impulse for Contemporary Debate in the Catholic Church

Dominik Opatrný

Studia Theologica 2013, 15(2):121-137 | 10.5507/sth.2013.019

The situation for divorced and remarried couples in the Catholic Church is one of the most arduous contemporary questions. Having said this, the strict Roman attitude on this issue has evolved from the strict teaching of Jesus himself. The first part of the article consequently discusses the accounts of Jesus' divorce teachings preserved in the synoptic gospels and in Paul's First Letter to the Corinthians. Each place is considered in its own context and differences are observed. The second part of the article traces the evolution of the Catholic divorce doctrine from the early church to the pontificate of Benedict XVI and presents several suggestions...

Přijetí jáhnů věřícími ve farnostech. Pastorálněteologická reflexe na základě empirického výzkumu

The Perception of Deacons in Parishes by the Faithful - A Pastoral-Theological Reflection on the Basis of Empirical Research

Martin Fujdl

Studia Theologica 2013, 15(2):138-152 | 10.5507/sth.2013.020

The article deals with the question of a permanent deacon in parish pastoral work. It analyses the historical development of the diaconate and the views of certain contemporary theologians on the issue of the nature and meaning of the diaconate today. It also presents the results of empirical research on the perception of deacons by believers in the Bohemian and Moravian parishes. It is shown that the diaconate is primarily associated with liturgical activities, with care for the sick, preparations for the sacraments and their administration. The deacon, "thanks" to his liturgical activity, is first and foremost perceived by believers as a "deputy...

Právo na obhajobu v kanonickém trestním procesu

A Right to Defence in the Canonical Penal Process

Monika Menke

Studia Theologica 2013, 15(2):153-167 | 10.5507/sth.2013.021

The article summarizes the options for the right to defence in the penal canonical process. The right to defence is one of the fundamental rights of believers. The relevant norms of the Code of Canon Law are to be found both in the part concerning the basic rights and obligations of believers, as well as in the part concerning the procedures. The requirement for the public good of the Church clearly states the need to allow this right of defence to be exercised in order to guarantee the fairness of the process and any imposition of a penalty. A violation of the rights to defence may cause irreparable defect to the invalidity of the judgement. The right...

Interpretace Bible v raném křesťanství (Editorial)

Editorial

Vít Hušek

Studia Theologica 2013, 15(2):168 | 10.5507/sth.2013.022

Martyrologické příběhy ve 2. a 4. knize makabejské a jejich možný vliv na řecké křesťanské mučednické texty

Stories of Jewish Martyrs in 2 and 4 Maccabees and their Possible Influence on Greek Christian Martyrological Narratives

Pavel Dudzik

Studia Theologica 2013, 15(2):169-183 | 10.5507/sth.2013.023

The article compares how 2 and 4 Maccabees present stories of Jewish martyrs (Eleazar and seven brothers) and pays attention to formation of martyrological topoi in the 2 and 4 Maccabees and in early Christian marytrological narratives. The author of the 4 Maccabees accepts and expands topoi of the 2 Maccabees, but surprisingly he freely formulates them and does not accept phrases from 2 Maccabees (with one exception in 4 Macc 9,1 from 2 Macc 7,2). All motifs and topoi of the 2 and 4 Maccebees are used in the early Christian martyrological texts, but again there are no traces of acceptance of longer phrases (with the exception of Mart. Polyc. 2,3 from...

Biblické citace v Pseudo-Ignácově Listu Efezským

Biblical Quotations in Pseudo-Ignatius' Letter to the Ephesians

Jan A. Dus

Studia Theologica 2013, 15(2):184-206 | 10.5507/sth.2013.024

The article deals with changes found in the long version of Ignatius of Antiochia' Letter to the Ephesians, with a special focus on the biblical quotations. After an examination of 30 parallel sections containing approximately 70 biblical quotations, we can conclude: (a) Pseudo-Ignatius had observed Ignatius' intentions quite closely, even if he amended his opinion at times, mostly due to considerations on orthodox correctness or practical church business. Specifically, Ps.-Ignatius amplifies Ignatius' reverence for the apostle Paul. - (b) Ps.-Ignatius quotes from various books of both the New and Old Testament, most frequently John, Matthew, First...

Clemens Alexandrinus Epistularum Ioannis apostoli interpres

Clemens Alexandrinus Epistularum Ioannis apostoli interpres

Jana Plátová

Studia Theologica 2013, 15(2):207-225 | 10.5507/sth.2013.025

The paper highlights the importance of the Johannine writings, particularly the First Epistle of John, in Clement of Alexandria's thinking. In the introduction, it asks whether Clement knew all three of John's Epistles. It initially deals with Clement's commentary on 1 and 2 John, which was part of his lost writing Hypotyposes, and whose Latin translation was carried out by Cassiodorus Senator in the 6th century. It consequently identifies 16 explicit citations in Clement's other works (Paedagogus, Stromata and Quis dives salvetur?) and finally highlights the importance of certain verses (1:5; 2:15; 3:16; 4:8.16-18; 5:14) for the author's concept of...

Ježíšovo příbuzenstvo u Ambrosiastera

Ambrosiaster on the Relatives of Jesus

Vít Hušek

Studia Theologica 2013, 15(2):226-237 | 10.5507/sth.2013.026

Ambrosiaster's exposition of the story of the twelve-year-old Jesus in the Temple (Luke 2:41-52) leads us, with the passage of 2000 years, to three questions associated with Jesus' relatives: who was the father of Joseph (Quaest. 56), whether Jesus was a son of Joseph (Quaest. 75), and who are the "brothers of the Lord" (Comm. Gal. 1,19). These three themes also reveal certain characteristics of the author's style and help us place the author within a broader context, both thematically and temporally. The clear formal structure of Quaestiones, the ease of the explanation submitted, the absence of other possible solutions, the absence of references...

Dobrý had a jelen. Dva obrazy Krista v kázání svatého Ambrože

Good Serpent and Deer: Two Symbols of Christ in the Preaching of St Ambrose

David Vopřada

Studia Theologica 2013, 15(2):238-252 | 10.5507/sth.2013.027

Saint Ambrose (died 397) employs two zoological symbols of Christ to introduce his audience deeper into the mystery of Christ. Firstly, the paper analyses the symbol of the good serpent used by the Bishop of Milan to describe all of the history of salvation from the original purity of the first man, through his fall, the coming and victory of Christ the Saviour to the calling of the Christian faithful to become good serpents who will enter into the glory of Christ, the Good Serpent. Secondly, it studies the image of a deer surrounded by enemies and winning over the serpent, which primarily represents the divine attributes of Christ. Simultaneously,...

Recenze

Reviews

Róbert Horka, Kateřina Brichcínová

Studia Theologica 2013, 15(2):253-258