Studia Theologica, 2013 (roč. 15), číslo 1

Christian Theology and Religion

Šabat jako znamení svobody

The Shabbat as a Sign of Freedom

Stanislav Pacner

Studia Theologica 2013, 15(1):1-23 | 10.5507/sth.2013.001

The article addresses the following issue: Is the command to refrain from work on this day a limitation for a person or, on the contrary, does it provide an individual with space of freedom? The author explores the etymology of the term Shabbat and asks a question regarding the origins of celebrating this day. He finally deals with the texts in which the term appears. It follows from these texts that the Old Testament perceives this command in a positive manner, namely as an instruction which serves a person's freedom. It is not concerned, however, with the instruction to refrain from work alone; this is primarily a positive effort to bless this day....

Narativita a teologie u Marka a Lukáše

Narrativity and Theology in the Gospels of Mark and Luke

Ladislav Tichý

Studia Theologica 2013, 15(1):24-35 | 10.5507/sth.2013.002

The article attempts to compare the relationship between narrativity and theology in the Gospels of Mark and Luke. Three pericopes are studied in order to achieve the goal. Two of them are to be found both in the Gospel of Mark (2:13-17; 10:46-52) and in the Gospel of Luke (5:27-32; 18:35-43) while the third is only in the Gospel of Luke (19:1-10). From the Lukan texts it is obvious that the author of this Gospel seeks to present narratives of a high quality, without any roughness or unevenness. This quality serves the theological message of the Gospel as well. The narratives should help the readers reach a better understanding of Jesus and recognize...

Význam obřadu žehnání matky po porodu

The Significance of the Ritual of Blessing the Mother after Childbirth

Michaela Vlčková

Studia Theologica 2013, 15(1):36-46 | 10.5507/sth.2013.003

This work deals with the significance of the ceremony of blessing the mother after birth. It focuses primarily on the liturgical ceremony of blessing the mother, its development in history and its significance in liturgical-theological and socio-cultural terms. The concept of blessing the mother is used here as a term including both the ceremony known as introduction to confinement - introductio mulieris post partum, (or benedictio mulieris post partum), the history of which reaches back to the liturgy of the Catholic church in the 11th century and ends with the Second Vatican Council, and the forms of blessing the mother revived as part of the liturgical...

Snahy Československa a Vatikánu odvolať biskupa Jána Vojtaššáka v rokoch 1945-1950

Ambitions on the Part of Czechoslovakia and the Vatican to Remove Bishop Ján Vojtaššák from Office in the Years 1945 to 1950

Peter Olexák

Studia Theologica 2013, 15(1):47-73 | 10.5507/sth.2013.004

A former classified material from the Archive of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic reveals a series of steps which were undertaken by the Czechoslovakian government in their attempt to remove Bishop Vojtaššák (1877-1965) from office as the diocesan bishop of the Spiš diocese. The intention of this study is to complement this historical material with material from the collection of the historical archive of the State Office of the Holy See. By doing so and making use of this complicated and socially stirring case an interesting mosaic regarding the relations between Czechoslovakia and the Vatican over the years 1945 to 1949 is developed....

Inspirace a otazníky obsažené v dokumentu MTK Teologie dnes

Contributions and Questions Connected with the Document of ITC Theology Today

Ctirad Václav Pospíšil

Studia Theologica 2013, 15(1):74-90 | 10.5507/sth.2013.005

The aim of this study is to present the document mentioned above and reflect on its content. First, the status and the nature of the ITC documents are discussed. The author subsequently presents the most important statements contained in the individual chapters. In the first chapter the document deals with the "Word of God" as opposed to the word of man. The author points out that the constitution Dei verbum is cited incorrectly in contemporary documents of the Church as Dei Verbum. In the second chapter the document clearly distinguishes between the apostolic tradition and ecclesiastic traditions. This step can be classified as a shifting of this...

Metafory církevního rozkolu. Kapitola z poetické ekklesiologie

Metaphors of Church Division: A Lesson From Poetical Ecclesiology

Jaroslav Vokoun

Studia Theologica 2013, 15(1):91-115 | 10.5507/sth.2013.006

This study is divided into three parts. Firstly, it introduces certain new attempts to apply metaphorical theology, primarily those that do not try to relativize classical dogma, but point to the mystery captured by it. Secondly, this study introduces two attempts to apply metaphorical theology to certain ecclesiological questions: biblical pictures of church unity and depictions of the church in church documents (Lumen Gentium) indicating that metaphors should not only be considered individually but in their limiting and enlightening mutual dialogue. Thirdly, the author discusses certain examples of metaphors used in treatises on ecumenical topics...

Vztahová antropologie u Oliviera Clémenta a Jürgena Moltmanna

Relational Anthropology by Olivier Clément and Jürgen Moltmann

Kristýna Obrdlíková

Studia Theologica 2013, 15(1):116-134 | 10.5507/sth.2013.007

The article describes selected questions from theological anthropology including how they were developed by Olivier Clément and Jürgen Moltmann. The interest of both authors was to indicate relationality as the main concept in thinking about human beings. They are interested in depicting certain terms such as person, nature, image, similitude or deification. The authors were chosen because of their similar point of view on anthropology, but also because of the fact that they are from different Christian traditions. The article comes to the conclusion that a human being is not an objective fact which can be analysed with separate terms, but is a unity...

Povaha a riziká fundamentalizmu

The Nature and Risks of Fundamentalism

Miloš Lichner

Studia Theologica 2013, 15(1):135-156 | 10.5507/sth.2013.008

The article attempts to discuss the question of fundamentalism. After having discussed the Latin roots of the word, it analyses its origin, its modern use and presents certain characteristics of fundamentalism. In the second part of the paper, the relationship between religion and fundamentalism is discussed. The origin of fundamentalism can be found in a lack of "basic trustfulness". It consequently follows that a post-modern culture may be understood as an incubator of fundamentalism, the reason being that fundamentalism is a reactive system which has a fear of pluralism. This is applied to the Slovak context of racism. In conclusion we suggest certain...

Pastorace přítomností v prostředí pohanství a nevíry

The Pastoral of Presence in the Pagan and Non-believing Environment

Michal Opatrný

Studia Theologica 2013, 15(1):157-181 | 10.5507/sth.2013.009

This study focuses on the theological and sociological point of view of the current religious situation in the Czech Republic. Based on the understanding of the term diaspora by Rolf Zerfaß, the study also demonstrates the basic contour of the so-called pastoral of presence in the ambience of atheism, non-religiosity and religious indifferentism.

Nevědomý duch, jeho probuzení nebo nové zrození? Poznámky a otázky k logoterapii Viktora Emmanuela Frankla

Unconsciousness, Awaking or the Birth of the Spirit? Notifications and Questions Toward the Logotherapy by Viktor E. Frankl

Karel Říha

Studia Theologica 2013, 15(1):182-204 | 10.5507/sth.2013.010

Logotherapy and its specification, existential analysis, is a therapeutic method for psychological difficulties and morbid states through searching for meaning in concrete situations of life. Any particular meaning can be overcome, however, in a larger or universal connection. Aware of this fact, Frankl rejects all psychologismes. He conceives psychology as a science, open to the spiritual dimensions of existence, and ultimately to transcendence. In this direction, logotherapy poses problems, but does not always provide satisfactory solutions. This paper would like to inquire whether the reason for this insufficiency does not lie in an inadequate concept...

Psychometrické zisťovanie predstavy o Bohu v slovenských podmienkach

The Psychometric Identification of the Image of God in Slovak Circumstances

Marek Forgáč

Studia Theologica 2013, 15(1):205-227 | 10.5507/sth.2013.011

Research on the psychological characteristics of the image of God is one of the dynamically developing areas in psychology of religion. The aim of the paper is to present certain information on God Image Scales - a psychometric instrument which identifies psychological characteristics of the image of God in six dimensions: Presence, Challenge, Acceptance, Benevolence, Influence, and Providence. The author of the questionnaire, Richard Lawrence, based this instrument on two particular theories: the Attachment theory and the Object relations theory, with both applied to religion. In the present case the instrument primarily focuses on an experiential...

Recenze

Reviews

Ignác Antonín Hrdina, Marián Sekerák, Zdeněk Duda, Ctirad Václav Pospíšil, Dominik Opatrný, Július Pavelčík

Studia Theologica 2013, 15(1):228-249