Studia Theologica, 2012 (roč. 14), číslo 4

Christian Theology and Religion

Šimon Petr v Lk 5,1-11

Simon Peter in Luke 5:1-11

Petr Mareček

Studia Theologica 2012, 14(4):1-18

The purpose of the paper "Simon Peter in Luke 5:1-11" is, on the one hand, to point out the importance of the call of the first disciples of Jesus in Luke 5:1-11 in the structure of the Gospel of Luke and on the other hand to present the main characteristics of the portrait of Simon Peter in Luke 5:1-11 and its significance in the Third Gospel. The story in Luke 5:1-11, which may be considered a programmatic text of the Gospel of Luke, focuses on the person of Simon Peter, Jesus' disciple, who has a prominent status among the apostles in the gospel. This event is closely connected with the teaching and miraculous activity of Jesus with which he inaugurated...

Blahoslavená touha. Čtvrté Ježíšovo Blahoslavenství (Mt 5,6) v díle Klementa z Alexandrie

Blessed Desire: The Fourth Beatitude of Jesus in the Writings of Clement of Alexandria

Veronika Černušková

Studia Theologica 2012, 14(4):19-35

The work of Clement of Alexandria is often understood either as an arbitrary manipulation of philosophical notions by a Christian and a misinterpretation of Greek philosophical tradition, or as an arbitrary manipulation of Christian notions by a Greek philosopher and a misinterpretation of the biblical tradition. The paper is a contribution to the discussion about the latter criticism. One of the most important reproaches concerns Clement's underestimation of the positive value of passion and good desires. My paper is therefore focused on Clement's concept of human "true desire" blessed by the fourth macarism of the Matthean Beatitudes, the interpretation...

Výklad Mk 10,17-31 (Mt 19,16-30 a Lk 18,18-30) u Klementa z Alexandrie a Origena

An Interpretation of Mark 10:17-31 (Matt 19:16-30 and Luke 18:18-30) in Clement of Alexandria and Origen

Jana Plátová

Studia Theologica 2012, 14(4):36-61

The paper compares the two oldest interpretations of the Gospel pericope about the rich young man, the homily of Clement of Alexandria Quis dives salvetur? and part of Origen's Commentary on Matthew. The first part of the paper presents three principles of biblical hermeneutics, which are common to both authors, and at the same time highlights the different approaches in practical work with the biblical text, based on the differences in literary genres. It notes that both authors consider a literal interpretation of the word of Jesus insufficient, and therefore pay great attention to the allegorical, respectively other possible interpretations. The...

Studium olomouckých kleriků v Římě na papežské koleji Nepomucenum v první polovině 20. století

The Study of Clerics From Olomouc's Archdiocese in Rome at the Papal College Nepomuceno in the First Half of the 20th Century

Jitka Jonová

Studia Theologica 2012, 14(4):62-87

Prior to World War I, Clerics from Moravia studied in Rome at the Collegium Germanicum or at the S. Maria dell'Anima, while clerics from Bohemia studied at the Bohemicum. After the establishment of an independent Czechoslovakia, the archbishops of Olomouc wanted to continue to send students to Rome. With regard to the establishment of an independent Czechoslovakia, they began to consider establishing a common Czechoslovak college. First, it was important to resolve the issue of financial backing not only for the construction work but also for the operations of the college. Gradually, the number stabilized at 5-6 students, who also remained there during...

Česká mariologická (a mariánská) bibliografie 1900-1910

The Czech Mariological (and Marian) Bibliography 1900-1910

Štěpán Martin Filip

Studia Theologica 2012, 14(4):88-101

The proposed study is an continuation of the research regarding the Czech mariology of the 19th century. After the methodological introduction, three parts are proposed: the first one containing an annotated bibliography of Czech Marian books from 1900 to 1910; the second one with a survey of articles from the revue Časopis katolického duchovenstva from these years; the third one containing an annotated bibliography of foreign Marian books translated into Czech over these years. The study is concluded by a synthetical review and evaluation of the mentioned Marian literature.

Absolutně uvažovaná přirozenost. Petr Fonseca a jeho významní středověcí předchůdci

Nature Considered Absolutely: P. Fonseca and His Outstanding Medieval Predecessors

David Svoboda

Studia Theologica 2012, 14(4):102-126

The paper deals with the issue of absolutely considered nature in the work of the early Modern Portuguese scholar philosopher Pedro de Fonseca. His doctrine is set out within the context of three influential medieval concepts (Avicenna, Aquinas, Duns Scotus) and all the theories are compared with one another. Fonseca's concept, in which nature of itself has an actual unity of precision and actual universality, is found to be ontologically less sober.

Osobnost Benita Mussoliniho a obraz italského fašismu v českém katolickém prostředí v kontextu první republiky

The Personality of Benito Mussolini and Reflections of Italian Fascism in the Czech Catholic Milieu in the context of the First Czechoslovak Republic

Marek Šmíd

Studia Theologica 2012, 14(4):127-144

The aim of this study is to analyze the attitudes of the Czech Catholic milieu towards Italian fascism and the authoritarian leader of this movement Benito Mussolini over the years 1918-1938. Although the topic itself is appealing and intellectually stimulating, the relationship between the Czech Catholic Church and Fascism has not been systematically studied and analyzed yet. Enthusiastic Catholics were appreciative of this new dynamic movement with its spiritual anchor, morality, law and spirituality, which Fascism outwardly manifested. Over the course of the 1930s, as the relationship between Pope Pius XI and the Italian regime changed, Czech Catholics...

Hledání mezioborového přístupu k problematice exorcismu (Editorial)

Editorial

Ctirad Václav Pospíšil

Studia Theologica 2012, 14(4):145-146

Exorcismus v islámu

Exorcisms in Islam

Luboš Kropáček

Studia Theologica 2012, 14(4):147-156

The first part of the paper discusses the terminology and the basic approaches of Islam to the problem of the activity of spirits - jinns. The belief in jinns has been adopted from pre-islamic, ancient Arab traditions. The reader is subsequently informed about the methods of exorcism, including its geographical differences. Finally, a case study is presented concerning a so-called zar, i.e. a certain type of exorcism of hysterical women.

Tradice exorcismu v Koptské pravoslavné církvi. Poznámky k současné praxi

The Tradition of Exorcism in the Coptic Orthodox Church: Remarks on contemporary practice

Jaroslav Franc

Studia Theologica 2012, 14(4):157-174

The paper is focused on a description and analysis of exorcism in the Coptic Orthodox Church. It deals with sacramental as well as non-sacramental rites. The paper introduces the arguments of Pope Shenouda III (1923-2012) to the reader. The paper results in a statement that the practice of exorcism is part of the living tradition of the Coptic Orthodox church, is based on biblical arguments and is performed with the goal of eschatological redemption.

Exorcismy v Bibli. Dějinný a teologický přehled

Exorcisms in the Bible: A Historical and Theological Summary

Jaroslav Brož

Studia Theologica 2012, 14(4):175-184

The aim of the paper is to offer a recapitulative survey of the theme of exorcism in the Bible. The reader will be acquainted with the main methodological approaches and difficulties in contemporary research on the issues of demons, evil spirits and exorcism from the point of view of terminology and theological interpretation. The first part deals with various categories of demons in the Hebrew Bible, with a transformation of the theological approach to them within the history of Israel, and with several cases of exorcist activity in the Old Testament and in the literature of Hellenistic Judaism. The primary focus of the article, however, is on the...

Posedlý, nebo poslaný? Posedlost a exorcismy ve čtvrtém evangeliu

Possessed, or Sent? Possessions and Exorcisms in the Fourth Gospel

Dominik Opatrný

Studia Theologica 2012, 14(4):185-193

Although the synoptic gospels provide a great deal of attention to the accounts and discussions of Jesus' exorcisms, John's gospel remains completely silent on this point. The first part of the paper evaluates four possible explanations of this John's attitude and concludes that John avoided mentioning exorcisms intentionally, but without denying their historicity. The second part seeks to explain this by arguing that John considered exorcisms unsuitable for expressing the proper meaning of Jesus' ministry.

Zlí duchové, posedlost a exorcismy z hlediska fundamentální teologie

Evil Spirits, Possession and Exorcisms From the Point of View of Fundamental Theology

Eduard Krumpolc

Studia Theologica 2012, 14(4):194-203

The paper deals with the existence of Satan, evil spirits, their influence on people, particularly possession, and exorcisms from the point of view of fundamental theology. In the first part, the author demonstrates that these phenomena are confirmed by the revelation of God and the practice of the church since the apostolic period. In the second part, he describes the criteria which are useful for a diagnosis of actual possession of a person by an evil spirit from psychical or parapsychological disturbances. In the third part, he points out that the existence of evil spirits, their influence on people and exorcisms are fully compatible with scientific...

Systematicko-teologické přístupy k problematice ďábla a jeho mimořádného působení

A Systematic Theological Approach to the Question of the Devil and his Extraordinary Action

Ctirad Václav Pospíšil

Studia Theologica 2012, 14(4):205-239

This study is the first systematic theological work on this topic in Czech theological literature over the last two centuries. In the first part, the author points to the connections between demonology and other thematic fields of systematic theology. The proper hermeneutical key to Christian demonology is to be found in Soteriology and Christology. Furthermore, Christian demonology has important connections with the image of God, the Creator and the Saviour, with anthropology and spirituality. In the second part, the author deals with the sources of biblical demonology and with the problem of the personal nature of devil, which must be understood...

Otázka "nečistých duchů" v teologii CČSH a zdroje její inspirace

The Question of "Unclean Spirits" in the Theology of the Czechoslovak Hussite Church and Its Inspirations

Jiří Vogel

Studia Theologica 2012, 14(4):240-250

This paper deals with the development of the theme of unclean spirits in the theology of the Czechoslovak Hussite Church. The generation of the founders of the church, influenced by radical Modernism, rejected the existence of unclean spirits, and the question of the origin of evil in the world was solved with a reference to privatio boni. The following theological generation pointed out that the theme of evil powers is directly connected with the message of redemption in Jesus Christ, based on the model, "Nullus diabolus, nullus redemptor." Despite the fact that the theology of the CSHC re-opened the question of unclean spirits, it has never officially...

Recenze

Reviews

Martin Klapetek, Pavel Kopeček, Pavel Ambros

Studia Theologica 2012, 14(4):251-265