Studia Theologica, 2012 (roč. 14), číslo 1

Christian Theology and Religion

Morální důkaz existence Boha podle Kanta

Moral Proof of the Existence of God According to Kant

Karel Říha

Studia Theologica 2012, 14(1):1-29

Human (non-intuitive) thinking continues either in the order of causality or in the order of finality. The order of causality submits the particular to the universal according to the category of cause, which is ultimately founded on the transcendental subject. The order of finality submits the particular to the universal according to the final end, which is not determined through any category, but freely presupposed through the capacity of judging (Urteilskraft) as the transcendental object (concretely: transcendent person). Neither reflection reaches its ground in the transcendental subject, nor does devotion reach its final end in the transcendental...

Patočkovo pojetí duchovních základů Evropy

Patočka's Concept of the Spiritual Roots of Europe

Martin Cajthaml

Studia Theologica 2012, 14(1):30-39

A synthesis of Jan Patočka's account of the spiritual roots of Europe in the first part of the paper provides background for a critical reflection on a number of the basic philosophical presuppositions of this account which are presented in the second part. These presuppositions are Patočka's concept of history and of the historicity of human existence. Critical reflection reveals that the account of humanity and history implied in these two concepts can only be reconciled with the concept of the spiritual roots of Europe with difficulty based on the platonic (and Christian) form of the care of the soul.

Obsazování biskupských stolců v habsburské monarchii na přelomu 19. a 20. století na příkladu olomouckého arcibiskupství po rezignaci arcibiskupa Theodora Kohna

The Occupation of Episcopal Sees in the Habsburg Monarchy in the 19th and 20th Centuries Using the Example of the Archbishopric of Olomouc after the Resignation of Archbishop Theodor Kohn

Jitka Jonová

Studia Theologica 2012, 14(1):40-64

Representatives of secular power were always interested in retaining control over the occupation of the Episcopal See. This was also true in the Habsburg monarchy, where the bishops were appointed by the Emperor and the Pope had to either confirm or not confirm the candidate proposed by the Emperor. The Archdiocese of Olomouc was a special case. The chapter of Olomouc had the privilege of free election of the Archbishops, who were either elected from the canons of the chapter or the canons postulated another candidate. During the last truly free election, Archbishop Theodor Kohn was elected. His episcopate was not particularly successful and he had...

Stereotypy v židovsko-křesťanských vztazích

Stereotypes in Jewish-Christian Relations

Jan Samohýl

Studia Theologica 2012, 14(1):65-78

This article aims at highlighting certain stereotypes in the perception of Jewish-Christian relations. Over the course of history these religions have undergone a dramatic and complicated development, and these stereotypes concerning the evaluation of mutual relations certainly remain the hallmark in current thinking about the dialogue between Judaism and Christianity. The substitution theory associated with considerations on the condemnation of Israel is the most influential stereotype. These theses lead to the contrary belief that the Jews were constantly persecuted throughout history, not only due to ideological reasons, but also because of economic,...

Prolegomena ke studiu české christologie 1901-1910, knižní produkce a příspěvky v ČKD: Doplňky k přehledu tvorby z 19. století

Prolegomena to the Studies of Czech Christology in 1901-1910, Published Books and Academic Papers in Časopis katolického duchovenstva: Supplements to the Overview of the Production in the 19th Century

Ctirad Václav Pospíšil

Studia Theologica 2012, 14(1):79-111

The proposed study is a continuation of the research which opened last year and whose findings were published in a study about Czech christology of the 19th century. Several publications from the 19th century are supplemented and certain major indigenous and translated studies from 16th to 18th century are pointed out in the first part, whereas the second part introduces Czech indigenous and translated literature from 1901 to 1910. It would appear that the amount of publications in the first decade of the 20th century is comparable with the amount in the last decades of the 19th century. As expected, the preaching and spiritual literature distinctly...

Recenze

Reviews

Vojtěch Novotný, Lukáš Jan Fošum, Július Pavelčík

Studia Theologica 2012, 14(1):112-126