Studia Theologica, 2008 (roč. 10), číslo 4

Christian Theology and Religion

Karel Lev Řehák. Teolog opomíjený, možná i zapomenutý

Karel Lev Řehák: A Theologian Neglected, Perhaps Even Forgotten

Libor Ovečka

Studia Theologica 2008, 10(4):1-13

Karel Lev Řehák (1843-1941) belongs to the generation of Czech moral theologians that has been completely forgotten and after the period of communism and after the 2nd Vatican Council is not quoted any more. His main work Katolická mravouka (Catholic Moral Teaching) of 1893 falls into the period of modernist reformist attempts within the Catholic Church, but Řehák did not belong to the reformers. As a man of practice, working in practical pastoral care in parish rather than teaching at the University, he brings into theology practical problems of ordinary people. His theology is not merely a theoretical speculation based on traditional sources. On...

Je možná nová teologie dědičného hříchu?

A Question of the New Theology of Original Sin

Tomáš Machula

Studia Theologica 2008, 10(4):14-32

The article deals with new approaches to the theology of original sin. It introduces the readers to basic features of new theories, ie their christological background, deconstruction of Trent dogmas, psychological and sociological issues, the evolutionary view on history and polarity between situationalism and personalism concerning original sin. Then it tries to propose basic criteria for evaluation of various theological theories that were developed in past decades.

Realita mysle ako podmienka identity ľudskej osoby

A Reality of Mind as a Condition of Identity of Human Person

Peter Volek

Studia Theologica 2008, 10(4):33-51

This paper argues for the thesis that the reality of mind is a necessary as well as sufficient condition for a diachronic identity of human person. The impossibility of elimination of qualia and intentionality and thus the impossibility of eliminative materialism was proved here. An impossibility of the theory of identity of types and individuals, together with the impossibility of functionalism as one of the versions of eliminative materialism was proven through a careful consideration of Libet's experiments. Subsequently, dualism surfaced as further option. The views of interactive dualism of Popper and Eccles and that of pragmatic dualism of Carrier...

Soudní moc církve a účast laiků na ní

The Judicial Power of Church and the Participation of Laity in it

Monika Menke

Studia Theologica 2008, 10(4):52-73

This article analyses the contemporary canonical-legal situation of the laity in the relation to the execution of church power of governance, especially judicial power. It points out the multivalent interpretation of the possibility of participation of lays on the judicial power of the Church that comes out from norms comprised in c. 129 § 2 C.I.C. and c. 1421 § 2 C.I.C., ie whether the lays can be the bearers of this power and on which base or whether they only participate in their execution. Article describes the concrete possibilities of involvement of the lays into the work of Church tribunals as judges, defenders of the bond, promoters...

Láska bez víry?

Love Without Faith?

Ladislav Tichý

Studia Theologica 2008, 10(4):74-93

According to a clear testimony of the New Testament, love is the highest spiritual value (cf. 1 Cor 13:13). And this love cannot have its true quality without faith. However, Th. R. Nevin in his book Thérèse of Lisieux: God's Gentle Warrior insists that this youngest Doctor of the Church had love although she lost faith and hope. The main part of this article deals with Nevin's arguments and shows that his assertion is baseless not only from the theological, but also from the historical point of view. Thérèse's words "I don't believe in eternal life" (attested only once) cannot mean (similarly, as much stronger and repeated complaints...

Komunistické hodnocení kněží v jižních Čechách

The evaluation of priests by the Communists in South Bohemian

Radomír Malý

Studia Theologica 2008, 10(4):94-99

During the fight against the Catholic Church at the end of the forties and beginning of the fifties the communists first applied the policy of "Divide et impera!" They tried to divide the priests into two groups: "the reactionists" and "the progressives". They victimized the former by arresting, withdrawing the so called state approval for their profession and by transferring them and they promoted the latter. At the end of the fifties and beginning of the sixties they focused themselves on a massive atheistic campaign and they pressured the population "to deal with the religious issue". In this phase of their fight against the Church they did not...

Recenze

Reviews

Štěpán Holub, Ctirad Václav Pospíšil

Studia Theologica 2008, 10(4):100-107