Studia Theologica, 2008 (roč. 10), číslo 1

Christian Theology and Religion

Vůle a milost u Jana Cassiana

John Cassian on Human Will and Divine Grace

Vít Hušek

Studia Theologica 2008, 10(1):1-8

The article deals with John Cassian's view of the divine grace and the human will. Cassian stresses the necessity and primacy of the divine help; our human will is weakened by sin but not totally corrupted. With regard to the salvation, one's own effort alone is not sufficient, but God who wants all men to be saved, never ceases to come to one's aid. On the basis of the Scriptures, Cassian sees the cooperation of grace and will interwoven so enigmatically that it is not always clear which comes into operation first: sometimes it is God who takes the initiative, in other instances the initiative is ascribed to man. Cassian's views on grace and will...

Boží vědění, svoboda a nejlepší možný svět: dominikáni, jezuité a G. W. Leibniz

Divine (fore)knowledge, Freedom and the Best of all Possible Worlds: Dominicans, Jesuits and G. W. Leibniz

David Svoboda

Studia Theologica 2008, 10(1):8-31

The paper deals with three different concepts of Divine knowledge (Dominican's, Jesuits', Leibniz'), as well as with the relationships of these doctrines to the problem of self-determination and to the Divine choice of the best possible worlds. Firstly, three different concepts of Divine knowledge are explained and the emphasis is put on the impact of the scholastic's tradition on Leibniz's conception of Divine knowledge. Secondly, some relations and links among the three different concepts of Divine knowledge and the doctrine of self-determination are brought to light and evaluated. Thirdly, the author shows how strongly was Leibniz's concept of the...

Osobnost procházející dějinami, stále záhadný Kristián. Mnich kláštera sv. Emmerama v Řezně, nebo sv. Benedikta, Bonifacia a Alexia v Břevnově?

A Figure Passing threw History: Christianus Still Mysterious A Monk from the Monastery of St. Emmeram in Regensburg or from the Monastery of St. Benedict, Bonifatius and Alexius in Břevnov?

Josef Šrámek

Studia Theologica 2008, 10(1):32-40

The main aim of this essay is to answer the question, which is discussed in historical literature, of who is the author of the double-legend about the earliest Czech saints, St. Václav and Ludmila. There is very large number of learned studies about this question. But most authors were not interested in the personality of the writer, his family origins, social status etc., but rather in questions concerning the date of his writing/works. This legend was mainly dated to the 10th or 12th century, in extreme cases to the 14th century even (legend dating is still a matter for discussion). The author of this paper supports an origin of the legend from the...

K pojetí náboženství a k vztahu ke křesťanství u Tomáše G. Masaryka

Tomáš G. Masaryk's Concept of Religion and His Relationship to Christianity

Jan Samohýl

Studia Theologica 2008, 10(1):41-55

The goal of the paper is to present in a brief digest of the basic points of Masaryk's concept of religion and above all to point at his relationship to Christianity. The text presents the most significant life, social, philosophical and religious influences upon Masaryk's thought and it gives notice to some less stressed connections that formed his attitude to the Christian faith. One part of the paper is also a sufficient mapping of opinions and critical assessments of other authors of his time as well as contemporary ones that gave heed to Masaryk´s theory of religion.

Názory na svátost biřmování a sloužení mše sv. čelem k lidu v korespondenci M. Píchy, L. Prečana a S. Braita

Opinions on the Sacrament of Confirmation and on the Celebration of the Holy Mass Facing the People in the Correspondence of M. Pícha, L. Prečan and S. Braito

Jitka Jonová

Studia Theologica 2008, 10(1):56-65

In 1943 an article on the Sacrament of Confirmation by S. Braito called "The Sacrament of Spiritual Maturity" was published in the review "Na hlubinu". The reaction of readers was generally positive. Among the published readers' letters there was one in which the reader advocates a better celebration of the Holy mass and states, that somewhere Holy mass is celebrated facing the people. But these ideas weren't acceptable in the first half of the 20th century. That is why the bishop Pícha wrote a letter to the archbishop Prečan, to ask him to intervene against the mentioned opinions. Prečan corresponded with Braito and within one month this dispute was...

Ekonomie v kánonech východní tradice

Economy in the Canons of the Eastern Tradition

Jiří Dvořáček

Studia Theologica 2008, 10(1):66-77

The aim of this article is to acquaint the readers with the conception of economy in the Canons of the Eastern Tradition. First of all the concept of akribeia (canonical accuracy, the summary of the Eastern Tradition) is briefly clarified, from which economy is a release. It is an exception of the rules. The article concentrates on canonical economy. Even though economy is not defined, its usage is governed by certain rules. The common principle for the usage of economy and akribeia was set by the 88th Canon of the Council in Trullo and it is redemption and salvation. There were some thoughts about establishing the common principle of economy also...

Světelné atributy Krista v hymnu sv. Ambrože Splendor paternae gloriae

The Luminous Attributes of Christ in the Hymn of St. Ambrose Splendor Paternae Gloriae

Gabriela Piáčková

Studia Theologica 2008, 10(1):78-96

The Hymn Splendor paternae gloriae was versified by Ambrosius probably at Easter in 386. In the hymn Ambrosius introduced Christ as splendor paternae gloriae, lux lucis, lumen luminis, fons luminis and dies dierum. He accepts the ancient symbology of a pagan cult and applies it to Christ who is "a sunbeam" and "the sun of justice" which "brings light to the world when it suddenly appears at its sunrise and leaves the world in darkness at its sunset."

Christologie v díle Jana Zahradníčka

Christology in the Works of Jan Zahradníček

Stanislav Zatloukal

Studia Theologica 2008, 10(1):97-108

The importance of a rapprochement between theology and the arts is currently increasing. A Christological analysis of Jan Zahradníček's poetry supports the relevance of authentic art for theology. The poet treats the theory of art in his essays and his results correspond remarkably with the conception of Sylva Fischerová, a contemporary theoretician of literature. Zahradníček's poetry offers an abundance of christological titles and a number of approaches to the christocentrism of Jan Duns Scotus.

Recenze

Reviews

Eduard Krumpolc, Miloslav Pojsl, Tomáš Veber, Pavel Ambros

Studia Theologica 2008, 10(1):109-125